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An analysis of the inhibitors of resilience in the global value chains of multinational enterprises

Sindhwani, Rahul; Behl, Abhishek; Pereira, Vijay; Temouri, Yama; Bagchi, Sushmit


Rahul Sindhwani

Vijay Pereira

Yama Temouri

Sushmit Bagchi


The COVID-19 pandemic has showcased the lack of resilience found in the global value chains (GVCs) of multinational enterprises (MNEs). Existing evidence shows that MNEs have only recently and slowly started recovering and attempting to rebuild the resilience of their GVCs. This paper analyzes the challenges/inhibitors faced by MNEs in building their resilience through their GVCs.

A four-stage hybrid model was used to identify the interrelationship among the identified inhibitors and to distinguish the most critical ones by ranking them. In the first stage, we employed a modified total interpretive structural modeling (m-TISM) approach to determine the inter-relationship among the inhibitors. Additionally, we identified the inhibitors' driving power and dependency by performing a matrix multiplication applied to classification (MICMAC) analysis. In the second stage, we employed the Pythagorean fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (PF-AHP) method to determine the weight of the criteria. The next stage followed, in which we used the Pythagorean fuzzy combined compromise solution (PF-CoCoSo) method to rank the inhibitors. Finally, we performed a sensitivity analysis to determine the robustness of the framework we had built based on the criteria and inhibitors.

We find business sustainability to have the highest importance and managerial governance as the most critical inhibitor hindering the path to resilience. Based on these insights, we derive four research propositions aimed at strengthening the resilience of such GVCs, followed by their implications for theory and practice.

Our findings contribute to the extant literature by uncovering key inhibitors that act as barriers to MNEs. We link out our findings with a number of propositions that we derive, which may be considered for implementation by MNEs and could help them endow their GVCs with resilience.


Sindhwani, R., Behl, A., Pereira, V., Temouri, Y., & Bagchi, S. (2024). An analysis of the inhibitors of resilience in the global value chains of multinational enterprises. Management Decision,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 9, 2024
Online Publication Date Feb 6, 2024
Publication Date Feb 6, 2024
Deposit Date Jun 24, 2024
Journal Management Decision
Print ISSN 0025-1747
Publisher Emerald
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Public URL
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