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Structural and mechanistic characterization of bifunctional heparan sulfate N-deacetylase-N-sulfotransferase 1 (2024)
Journal Article
Mycroft-West, C. J., Abdelkarim, S., Duyvesteyn, H. M. E., Gandhi, N. S., Skidmore, M. A., Owens, R. J., & Wu, L. (in press). Structural and mechanistic characterization of bifunctional heparan sulfate N-deacetylase-N-sulfotransferase 1. Nature Communications, 15(1), Article 1326. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-024-45419-4

Heparan sulfate (HS) polysaccharides are major constituents of the extracellular matrix, which are involved in myriad structural and signaling processes. Mature HS polysaccharides contain complex, non-templated patterns of sulfation and epimerization... Read More about Structural and mechanistic characterization of bifunctional heparan sulfate N-deacetylase-N-sulfotransferase 1.

Harnessing a Biocatalyst to Bioremediate the Purification of Alkylglycosides (2023)
Journal Article
Wahart, A. J. C., Dolan, J. P., Anderson, S. D., Cheallaigh, A. N., Staniland, J., Lima, M. A., …Cosgrove, S. C. (2023). Harnessing a Biocatalyst to Bioremediate the Purification of Alkylglycosides. ChemBioChem, Article e202300752. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbic.202300752

Wahart et al. demonstrate the use of an immobilised oxidase enzyme coupled to an extractive amino resin for the bioremediation of a common industrial surfactant. This allows the facile purification of alkyl monoglucosides without the need for high en... Read More about Harnessing a Biocatalyst to Bioremediate the Purification of Alkylglycosides.

Harnessing a Biocatalyst to Bioremediate the Purification of Alkylglycosides. (2023)
Journal Article
Wahart, A. J. C., Dolan, J. P., Anderson, S. D., Cheallaigh, A. N., Staniland, J., Lima, M. A., …Cosgrove, S. C. (in press). Harnessing a Biocatalyst to Bioremediate the Purification of Alkylglycosides. ChemBioChem, Article e202300625. https://doi.org/10.1002/cbic.202300625

As the world moves towards net-zero carbon emissions, the development of sustainable chemical manufacturing processes is essential. Within manufacturing, purification by distillation is often used, however this process is energy intensive and methods... Read More about Harnessing a Biocatalyst to Bioremediate the Purification of Alkylglycosides..

Virtual screening, identification and in vitro validation of small molecule GDP-mannose dehydrogenase inhibitors † (2023)
Journal Article
Dolan, J., Ahmadipour, S., Wahart, A., Ni Cheallaigh, A., Sari, S., Eurtivong,, C., …Miller, G. (2023). Virtual screening, identification and in vitro validation of small molecule GDP-mannose dehydrogenase inhibitors †. RSC Chemical Biology, 4(11), 865-870. https://doi.org/10.1039/D3CB00126A

Upon undergoing mucoid conversion within the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients, the pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa synthesises copious quantities of the virulence factor and exopolysaccharide alginate. The enzyme guanosine diphosphate ma... Read More about Virtual screening, identification and in vitro validation of small molecule GDP-mannose dehydrogenase inhibitors †.

Analysis of Heparin Samples by Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy in the Solid State. (2023)
Journal Article
Devlin, A. J., Mycroft-West, C. J., Turnbull, J. E., Andrade De Lima, M., Guerrini, M., Yates, E. A., & Skidmore, M. A. (2023). Analysis of Heparin Samples by Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy in the Solid State. ACS Central Science, 9, 381-392. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscentsci.2c01176

Heparin is a polydisperse, heterogeneous polysaccharide of the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) class that has found widespread clinical use as a potent anticoagulant and is classified as an essential medicine by the World Health Organization. The importance... Read More about Analysis of Heparin Samples by Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy in the Solid State..

High sensitivity (zeptomole) detection of BODIPY- labelled heparan sulfate (HS) disaccharides by ion-paired RP-HPLC and LIF detection enables analysis of HS from mosquito midguts. (2023)
Journal Article
Maciej-Hulme, M. L., Leprince, A. C., Lavin, A., Guimond, S. E., Turnbull, J. E., Pelletier, J., …Skidmore, M. A. (2023). High sensitivity (zeptomole) detection of BODIPY- labelled heparan sulfate (HS) disaccharides by ion-paired RP-HPLC and LIF detection enables analysis of HS from mosquito midguts. Analytical Methods, 15(11), 1461-1469. https://doi.org/10.1039/d2ay01803a

The fine structure of heparan sulfate (HS), the glycosaminoglycan polysaccharide component of cell surface and extracellular matrix HS proteoglycans, coordinates the complex cell signalling processes that control homeostasis and drive development in... Read More about High sensitivity (zeptomole) detection of BODIPY- labelled heparan sulfate (HS) disaccharides by ion-paired RP-HPLC and LIF detection enables analysis of HS from mosquito midguts..

A sulphated glycosaminoglycan extract from Placopecten magellanicus inhibits the Alzheimer's disease ß-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE-1). (2023)
Journal Article
Mycroft-West, C., Devlin, A., Cooper, L., Guimond, S., Procter, P., Miller, G., …Skidmore, M. (2023). A sulphated glycosaminoglycan extract from Placopecten magellanicus inhibits the Alzheimer's disease ß-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE-1). Carbohydrate Research, 525, Article 108747. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carres.2023.108747

The clinically important anticoagulant heparin, a member of the glycosaminoglycan family of carbohydrates that is extracted predominantly from porcine and bovine tissue sources, has previously been shown to inhibit the ß-site amyloid precursor protei... Read More about A sulphated glycosaminoglycan extract from Placopecten magellanicus inhibits the Alzheimer's disease ß-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE-1)..

Evidence for multiple binding modes in the initial contact between SARS-CoV-2 spike S1 protein and cell surface glycans. (2022)
Journal Article
Parafioriti, M., Ni, M., Petitou, M., Mycroft‐West, C. J., Rudd, T. R., Gandhi, N. S., …Elli, S. (2023). Evidence for multiple binding modes in the initial contact between SARS-CoV-2 spike S1 protein and cell surface glycans. Chemistry - A European Journal, 29(1), https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.202202599

Infection of host cells by SARS-CoV-2 begins with recognition by the virus S (spike) protein of cell surface heparan sulfate (HS), tethering the virus to the extracellular matrix environment, and causing the subunit S1-RBD to undergo a conformational... Read More about Evidence for multiple binding modes in the initial contact between SARS-CoV-2 spike S1 protein and cell surface glycans..

Synthetic Heparan Sulfate Mimetic Pixatimod (PG545) Potently Inhibits SARS-CoV-2 by Disrupting the Spike-ACE2 Interaction. (2022)
Journal Article
Guimond, S., Mycroft-West, C. J., Gandhi, N. S., Tree, J. A., C.Le, T. T., Spalluto, M., …Turnbull, J. E. (2022). Synthetic Heparan Sulfate Mimetic Pixatimod (PG545) Potently Inhibits SARS-CoV-2 by Disrupting the Spike-ACE2 Interaction. ACS Central Science, 8(5), 527 - 545. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscentsci.1c01293

Heparan sulfate (HS) is a cell surface polysaccharide recently identified as a coreceptor with the ACE2 protein for the S1 spike protein on SARS-CoV-2 virus, providing a tractable new therapeutic target. Clinically used heparins demonstrate an inhibi... Read More about Synthetic Heparan Sulfate Mimetic Pixatimod (PG545) Potently Inhibits SARS-CoV-2 by Disrupting the Spike-ACE2 Interaction..

Analysis of protein-heparin interactions using a portable SPR instrument (2022)
Journal Article
Su, D., Li, Y., Yates, E., Skidmore, M., Andrade De Lima, M., & Fernig, D. (2022). Analysis of protein-heparin interactions using a portable SPR instrument. PeerJ Analytical Chemistry, 4, 1-16. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj-achem.15

Optical biosensors such as those based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) are a key analytical tool for understanding biomolecular interactions and function as well as the quantitative analysis of analytes in a wide variety of settings. The advent of... Read More about Analysis of protein-heparin interactions using a portable SPR instrument.

Evidence of a putative glycosaminoglycan binding site on the glycosylated SARS-CoV-2 spike protein N-terminal domain. (2021)
Journal Article
Schuurs, Z. P., Hammond, E., Elli, S., Rudd, T. R., Mycroft-West, C. J., Lima, M. A., …Gandhi, N. S. (2021). Evidence of a putative glycosaminoglycan binding site on the glycosylated SARS-CoV-2 spike protein N-terminal domain. Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal, 19, 2806 - 2818. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csbj.2021.05.002

SARS-CoV-2 has rapidly spread throughout the world's population since its initial discovery in 2019. The virus infects cells via a glycosylated spike protein located on its surface. The protein primarily binds to the angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (... Read More about Evidence of a putative glycosaminoglycan binding site on the glycosylated SARS-CoV-2 spike protein N-terminal domain..

The Hyperlipidaemic Drug Fenofibrate Significantly Reduces Infection by SARS-CoV-2 in Cell Culture Models. (2021)
Journal Article
Davies, S., Mycroft-West, C., Pagani, I., Hill, H., Chen, Y., Karlsson, R., …Richardson, A. (2021). The Hyperlipidaemic Drug Fenofibrate Significantly Reduces Infection by SARS-CoV-2 in Cell Culture Models. Frontiers in Pharmacology, 12, 660490. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2021.660490

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has caused a significant number of fatalities and worldwide disruption. To identify drugs to repurpose to treat SARS-CoV-2 infections, we established a screen to measure the di... Read More about The Hyperlipidaemic Drug Fenofibrate Significantly Reduces Infection by SARS-CoV-2 in Cell Culture Models..

Glycosaminoglycans from Litopenaeus vannamei Inhibit the Alzheimer’s Disease ß Secretase, BACE1 (2021)
Journal Article
Mycroft-West, C. J., Devlin, A. J., Cooper, L. C., Guimond, S. E., Procter, P., Guerrini, M., …Skidmore, M. A. (2021). Glycosaminoglycans from Litopenaeus vannamei Inhibit the Alzheimer’s Disease ß Secretase, BACE1. Marine Drugs, 19(4), 203 -203. https://doi.org/10.3390/md19040203

Only palliative therapeutic options exist for the treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease; no new successful drug candidates have been developed in over 15 years. The widely used clinical anticoagulant heparin has been reported to exert beneficial effects t... Read More about Glycosaminoglycans from Litopenaeus vannamei Inhibit the Alzheimer’s Disease ß Secretase, BACE1.

Unfractionated heparin inhibits live wild type SARS-CoV-2 cell infectivity at therapeutically relevant concentrations. (2021)
Journal Article
Tree, J., Turnbull, J., Buttigieg, K., Elmore, M., Coombes, N., Hogwood, J., …Carroll, M. (2021). Unfractionated heparin inhibits live wild type SARS-CoV-2 cell infectivity at therapeutically relevant concentrations. British Journal of Pharmacology, 178, 626--635. https://doi.org/10.1111/bph.15304

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Currently, there are no licensed vaccines and limited antivirals for the treatment of COVID-19. Heparin (delivered systemically) is currently used to treat anticoagulant anomalies in COVID-19 patients. Additionally, in the Uni... Read More about Unfractionated heparin inhibits live wild type SARS-CoV-2 cell infectivity at therapeutically relevant concentrations..

Heparin Inhibits Cellular Invasion by SARS-CoV-2: Structural Dependence of the Interaction of the Spike S1 Receptor-Binding Domain with Heparin. (2020)
Journal Article
Mycroft-West, C. J., Su, D., Pagani  , I., Rudd  , T. R., Elli  , S., Gandhi  , N. S., …Skidmore   , M. A. (2020). Heparin Inhibits Cellular Invasion by SARS-CoV-2: Structural Dependence of the Interaction of the Spike S1 Receptor-Binding Domain with Heparin. Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 120(12), 1700 - 1715. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1721319

The dependence of development and homeostasis in animals on the interaction of hundreds of extracellular regulatory proteins with the peri- and extracellular glycosaminoglycan heparan sulfate (HS) is exploited by many microbial pathogens as a means o... Read More about Heparin Inhibits Cellular Invasion by SARS-CoV-2: Structural Dependence of the Interaction of the Spike S1 Receptor-Binding Domain with Heparin..

Development of a nano-luciferase based assay to measure the binding of SARS-CoV-2 spike receptor binding domain to ACE-2 (2020)
Journal Article
Andrade De Lima, M., Skidmore, M., Khanim, F., & Richardson, A. (2020). Development of a nano-luciferase based assay to measure the binding of SARS-CoV-2 spike receptor binding domain to ACE-2. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 534, 485--490. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2020.11.055

To identify drugs that could potentially be used to treat infection with SARS-CoV-2, a high throughput 384-well assay was developed to measure the binding of the receptor binding domain (RBD) of the viral S1 protein to its main receptor, angiotensin... Read More about Development of a nano-luciferase based assay to measure the binding of SARS-CoV-2 spike receptor binding domain to ACE-2.

Molecular Changes in Dengue Envelope Protein Domain III upon Interaction with Glycosaminoglycans. (2020)
Journal Article
Hyatt, J. G., Prévost, S., Devos, J. M., Mycroft-West, C. J., Skidmore, M. A., & Winter, A. (2020). Molecular Changes in Dengue Envelope Protein Domain III upon Interaction with Glycosaminoglycans. Pathogens an international, open access journal of pathogens and pathogen-host interactions, 9(11), Article 935. https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9110935

Dengue fever is a rapidly emerging vector-borne viral disease with a growing global burden of approximately 390 million new infections per annum. The Dengue virus (DENV) is a flavivirus spread by female mosquitos of the aedes genus, but the mechanism... Read More about Molecular Changes in Dengue Envelope Protein Domain III upon Interaction with Glycosaminoglycans..

Glycosaminoglycans induce conformational change in the SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 Receptor Binding Domain (2020)
Journal Article
Mycroft-West, C. J., Su, D., Li, Y., Guimond, S. E., Rudd, T. R., Elli, S., …Skidmore, M. A. Glycosaminoglycans induce conformational change in the SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 Receptor Binding Domain. bioRxiv, https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.29.068767

The glycosaminoglycan (GAG) class of polysaccharides are utilised by a plethora of microbial pathogens as receptors for adherence and invasion. The GAG heparin prevents infection by a range of viruses when added exogenously, including the S-associate... Read More about Glycosaminoglycans induce conformational change in the SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 Receptor Binding Domain.

SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 Receptor Binding Domain undergoes Conformational Change upon Interaction with Low Molecular Weight Heparins (2020)
Journal Article
Mycroft-West, C. J., Su, D., Li, Y., Guimond, S. E., Rudd, T. R., Elli, S., …Skidmore, M. A. SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 Receptor Binding Domain undergoes Conformational Change upon Interaction with Low Molecular Weight Heparins. arXiv, https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.29.068486

The dependence of the host on the interaction of hundreds of extracellular proteins with the cell surface glycosaminoglycan heparan sulphate (HS) for the regulation of homeostasis is exploited by many microbial pathogens as a means of adherence and i... Read More about SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 Receptor Binding Domain undergoes Conformational Change upon Interaction with Low Molecular Weight Heparins.

Inhibition of BACE1, the ß-secretase implicated in Alzheimer's disease, by a chondroitin sulfate extract from Sardina pilchardus. (2020)
Journal Article
Mycroft-West, C. J., Devlin, A. J., Cooper, L. C., Procter, P., Miller, G. J., Fernig, D. G., …Skidmore, M. A. (2020). Inhibition of BACE1, the ß-secretase implicated in Alzheimer's disease, by a chondroitin sulfate extract from Sardina pilchardus. Neural Regeneration Research, 15(8), 1546 - 1553. https://doi.org/10.4103/1673-5374.274341

The pharmaceutical and anticoagulant agent heparin, a member of the glycosaminoglycan family of carbohydrates, has previously been identified as a potent inhibitor of a key Alzheimer's disease drug target, the primary neuronal ß-secretase, ß-site amy... Read More about Inhibition of BACE1, the ß-secretase implicated in Alzheimer's disease, by a chondroitin sulfate extract from Sardina pilchardus..

Tools for the Quality Control of Pharmaceutical Heparin. (2019)
Journal Article
Devlin, A., Mycroft-West, C., Procter, P., Cooper, L., Guimond, S., Andrade De Lima, M., …Skidmore, M. (2019). Tools for the Quality Control of Pharmaceutical Heparin. Medicina, 55, 636 - 636. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina55100636

Heparin is a vital pharmaceutical anticoagulant drug and remains one of the few naturally sourced pharmaceutical agents used clinically. Heparin possesses a structural order with up to four levels of complexity. These levels are subject to change bas... Read More about Tools for the Quality Control of Pharmaceutical Heparin..

A Glycosaminoglycan Extract from Portunus pelagicus Inhibits BACE1, the β Secretase Implicated in Alzheimer's Disease. (2019)
Journal Article
Mycroft-West, C., Cooper, L., Devlin, A., Procter, P., Guimond, S., Guerrini, M., …Skidmore, M. (2019). A Glycosaminoglycan Extract from Portunus pelagicus Inhibits BACE1, the β Secretase Implicated in Alzheimer's Disease. Marine Drugs, 17, 293 -293. https://doi.org/10.3390/md17050293

Therapeutic options for Alzheimer's disease, the most common form of dementia, are currently restricted to palliative treatments. The glycosaminoglycan heparin, widely used as a clinical anticoagulant, has previously been shown to inhibit the Alzheim... Read More about A Glycosaminoglycan Extract from Portunus pelagicus Inhibits BACE1, the β Secretase Implicated in Alzheimer's Disease..

The role of heparan sulfate in host macrophage infection by Leishmania species (2018)
Journal Article
Maciej-Hulme, M., Skidmore, M., & Price, H. (2018). The role of heparan sulfate in host macrophage infection by Leishmania species. Transactions, 46(4), 789-796. https://doi.org/10.1042/BST20170398

The leishmaniases are a group of neglected tropical diseases caused by parasites from the Leishmania genus. More than 20 Leishmania species are responsible for human disease, causing a broad spectrum of symptoms ranging from cutaneous lesions to a fa... Read More about The role of heparan sulfate in host macrophage infection by Leishmania species.

Marine glycosaminoglycan-like carbohydrates as potential drug candidates for infectious disease (2018)
Journal Article
Mycroft-West, C. J., Yates, E. A., & Skidmore, M. A. (2018). Marine glycosaminoglycan-like carbohydrates as potential drug candidates for infectious disease. Biochemical Society Transactions, 46(4), 919-929. https://doi.org/10.1042/bst20170404

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), present in the extracellular matrix, are exploited by numerous, distinct microbes for cellular attachment, adhesion, invasion and evasion of the host immune system. Glycosaminoglycans, including the widely used, clinical an... Read More about Marine glycosaminoglycan-like carbohydrates as potential drug candidates for infectious disease.

An Inexpensive, Pulsed, and Multiple Wavelength Bench-Top Light Source for Biological Spectroscopy (2018)
Journal Article
Holman, J., Skidmore, M., & Yates, E. (2018). An Inexpensive, Pulsed, and Multiple Wavelength Bench-Top Light Source for Biological Spectroscopy. Plasma, 1(1), 78-79. https://doi.org/10.3390/plasma1010008

Since signal/noise ratios are proportional to the square root of the intensity, high intensity light sources are advantageous for many forms of UV–Vis and IR spectroscopy particularly with very low or high absorbance samples. We report the constructi... Read More about An Inexpensive, Pulsed, and Multiple Wavelength Bench-Top Light Source for Biological Spectroscopy.

Subverting the mechanisms of cell death: flavivirus manipulation of host cell responses to infection (2018)
Journal Article
Vicenzi, E., Pagani, I., Ghezzi, S., Taylor, S. L., Rudd, T. R., Lima, M. A., …Yates, E. A. (2018). Subverting the mechanisms of cell death: flavivirus manipulation of host cell responses to infection. Biochemical Society Transactions, 46, 609-617. https://doi.org/10.1042/BST20170399

Viruses exploit host metabolic and defence machinery for their own replication. The flaviviruses, which include Dengue (DENV), Yellow Fever (YFV), Japanese Encephalitis (JEV), West Nile (WNV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses, infect a broad range of hosts, ce... Read More about Subverting the mechanisms of cell death: flavivirus manipulation of host cell responses to infection.

Variations in the Peritrophic Matrix Composition of Heparan Sulphate from the Tsetse Fly, Glossina morsitans morsitans (2018)
Journal Article
Rogerson, E., Pelletier, J., Acosta-Serrano, A., Rose, C., Taylor, S., Guimond, S., …Yates, E. (2018). Variations in the Peritrophic Matrix Composition of Heparan Sulphate from the Tsetse Fly, Glossina morsitans morsitans. Pathogens an international, open access journal of pathogens and pathogen-host interactions, 7, https://doi.org/10.3390/pathogens7010032

Tsetse flies are the principal insect vectors of African trypanosomes-sleeping sickness in humans and Nagana in cattle. One of the tsetse fly species, Glossina morsitans morsitans, is host to the parasite, Trypanosoma brucei, a major cause of African... Read More about Variations in the Peritrophic Matrix Composition of Heparan Sulphate from the Tsetse Fly, Glossina morsitans morsitans.

In vitro investigations on the effects of semi-synthetic, sulphated carbohydrates on the immune status of cultured common carp (Cyprinus carpio) leucocytes. (2017)
Journal Article
Kareem, N., Yates, E., Skidmore, M., & Hoole, D. (2018). In vitro investigations on the effects of semi-synthetic, sulphated carbohydrates on the immune status of cultured common carp (Cyprinus carpio) leucocytes. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 74, 213-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2017.12.047

The rapid emergence of drug resistance, unfavourable immunosuppression and mounting evidence to suggest the deleterious accumulation of drug breakdown residues within animal tissues has driven a strong desire to move away from these current methods o... Read More about In vitro investigations on the effects of semi-synthetic, sulphated carbohydrates on the immune status of cultured common carp (Cyprinus carpio) leucocytes..

A semi-synthetic glycosaminoglycan analogue inhibits and reverses Plasmodium falciparum cytoadherence (2017)
Journal Article
Skidmore, M., Mohd Fadzli Mustaffa, K., Cooper, L. C., Guimond, S. E., Yates, E. A., & Craig, A. G. (2017). A semi-synthetic glycosaminoglycan analogue inhibits and reverses Plasmodium falciparum cytoadherence. PloS one, 12(10), Article e0186276. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186276

A feature of mature Plasmodium falciparum parasitized red blood cells is their ability to bind surface molecules of the microvascular endothelium via the parasite-derived surface protein Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1).... Read More about A semi-synthetic glycosaminoglycan analogue inhibits and reverses Plasmodium falciparum cytoadherence.

Identification of heparin modifications and polysaccharide inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum merozoite invasion that have potential for novel drug development. (2017)
Journal Article
Boyle, M. J., Skidmore, M., Dickerman, B., Cooper, L., Devlin, A., Yates, E., …Beeson, J. G. (2017). Identification of heparin modifications and polysaccharide inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum merozoite invasion that have potential for novel drug development. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 61(11), https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00709-17

Despite recent successful control efforts, malaria remains a leading global health burden. Alarmingly, resistance to current antimalarials is increasing, and the development of new drug families is needed to maintain malaria control. Current antimala... Read More about Identification of heparin modifications and polysaccharide inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum merozoite invasion that have potential for novel drug development..

Heparin prevents Zika virus induced-cytopathic effects in human neural progenitor cells (2017)
Journal Article
Ghezzi, S., Cooper, L., Rubio, A., Pagani, I., Rosaria Capobianchi, M., Ippolito, G., …Vicenzi, E. (2017). Heparin prevents Zika virus induced-cytopathic effects in human neural progenitor cells. Antiviral Research, 140, 13-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2016.12.023

The recent Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak, which mainly affected Brazil and neighbouring states, demonstrated the paucity of information concerning the epidemiology of several flaviruses, but also highlighted the lack of available agents with which to tr... Read More about Heparin prevents Zika virus induced-cytopathic effects in human neural progenitor cells.

19 F labelled glycosaminoglycan probes for solution NMR and non-linear (CARS) microscopy (2016)
Journal Article
Lima, M. A., Cavalheiro, R. P., Viana, G. M., Meneghetti, M. C., Rudd, T. R., Skidmore, M., …Yates, E. A. (2016). 19 F labelled glycosaminoglycan probes for solution NMR and non-linear (CARS) microscopy. Glycoconjugate Journal, 34, 405-410. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10719-016-9723-x

Studying polysaccharide-protein interactions under physiological conditions by conventional techniques is challenging. Ideally, macromolecules could be followed by both in vitro spectroscopy experiments as well as in tissues using microscopy, to enab... Read More about 19 F labelled glycosaminoglycan probes for solution NMR and non-linear (CARS) microscopy.

Inhibition of influenza H5N1 invasion by modified heparin derivatives (2015)
Journal Article
Skidmore, M. A., Kajaste-Rudnitski, A., Wells, N. M., Guimond, S. E., Rudd, T. R., Yates, E. A., & Vicenzi, E. Inhibition of influenza H5N1 invasion by modified heparin derivatives. MedChemComm, 6(4), 640-646. https://doi.org/10.1039/c4md00516c

Influenza remains a serious health threat, with resistance to frontline drugs becoming more common, and new treatments urgently sought. One strategy for the inhibition of the attachment of influenza to host cells is to employ chemically modified hepa... Read More about Inhibition of influenza H5N1 invasion by modified heparin derivatives.

Heat Dissipation of Hybrid Iron Oxide-Gold Nanoparticles in an Agar Phantom (2015)
Journal Article
Curtis, A., Malekigorji, M., Holman, J., Skidmore, M., & Hoskins, C. (2015). Heat Dissipation of Hybrid Iron Oxide-Gold Nanoparticles in an Agar Phantom. Journal of Nanomedicine and Nanotechnology, 6(6), https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7439.1000335

Hybrid iron oxide-gold nanoparticles (HNPs) have shown potential in cancer therapy as agents for tumour ablation and thermal switches for targeted drug release. Heat generation occurs by exploitation of the surface plasmon resonance of the gold coati... Read More about Heat Dissipation of Hybrid Iron Oxide-Gold Nanoparticles in an Agar Phantom.

Heparin derivatives for the targeting of multiple activities in the inflammatory response. (2015)
Journal Article
Veraldi, N., Hughes, A., Rudd, T., Thomas, H., Edwards, S., Hadfield, L., …Yates, E. (2015). Heparin derivatives for the targeting of multiple activities in the inflammatory response. Carbohydrate Polymers, 400 - 407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.09.079

An attractive strategy for ameliorating symptoms arising from the multi-faceted processes of excessive and/or continual inflammation would be to identify compounds able to interfere with multiple effectors of inflammation. The well-tolerated pharmace... Read More about Heparin derivatives for the targeting of multiple activities in the inflammatory response..

The 2019 coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) surface protein (Spike) S1 Receptor Binding Domain undergoes conformational change upon heparin binding
Journal Article
Mycroft-West, C., Su, D., Elli, S., Li, Y., Guimond, S., Miller, G., …Skidmore, M. (2020). The 2019 coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) surface protein (Spike) S1 Receptor Binding Domain undergoes conformational change upon heparin binding. arXiv, https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.02.29.971093

Many pathogens take advantage of the dependence of the host on the interaction of hundreds of extracellular proteins with the glycosaminoglycans heparan sulphate to regulate homeostasis and use heparan sulphate as a means to adhere and gain access to... Read More about The 2019 coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) surface protein (Spike) S1 Receptor Binding Domain undergoes conformational change upon heparin binding.