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To Everything There is a Season: Instrumentalising Article 10 TEU to Exclude Undemocratic Member State Representatives from the European Council and the Council




This paper presents the argument that art. 10 TEU could be utilised to confront the problem of undemocratic Member State representatives in the European Council and the Council. First, it is contended that art. 10(2) TEU, read with the principle of representative democracy in art. 10(1) TEU, should be interpreted operatively to mean that a Member State is not entitled to representation in the European Council or the Council where its Head of State/Government or its government are not “democratically accountable either to their national Parliaments, or their citizens”. Secondly, it is argued that art. 10 TEU can be instrumentalised using several procedural mechanisms, some of which could be engaged by way of citizen action, thereby bypassing the decisional traps and lack of political will that afflict art. 7 TEU, to contribute to the defence of the principle of representative democracy.

Acceptance Date Oct 19, 2021
Publication Date Mar 29, 2022
Journal European Law Review
Print ISSN 0307-5400
Publisher Sweet and Maxwell
Pages 69-84
Keywords Council of the European Union; Democracy; EU law; European Council; European Union; Member States
Publisher URL