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Evaluating the clinical decision making of physiotherapists in the assessment and management of paediatric shoulder instability

Philp, Fraser; Faux-Nightingale, Alice; Woolley, Sandra; de Quincey, Ed; Pandyan, Anand

Evaluating the clinical decision making of physiotherapists in the assessment and management of paediatric shoulder instability Thumbnail


Authors

Fraser Philp

Anand Pandyan



Abstract

Objective To elicit what information and clinical decision-making processes physiotherapists use in the assessment and management of paediatric shoulder instability.

Design Qualitative study. A modified nominal focus group technique, involving three clinical vignettes, was used to elicit physiotherapists' decision-making processes.

Setting Physiotherapy departments from across four separate clinical sites.

Subjects Twenty-five physiotherapists, (18F:7M), ranging from two to 29 years post qualification.

Outcomes measures Thematic analysis. The initial round of coding was used to draw up a quantitative assessment of the diagnoses and map information used for clinical decision-making against the International Classification of Functioning (ICF) framework.

Results The themes identified related to 'Differences in diagnoses, classification and diagnostic processes', 'Diagnostic process occurs over a long period of time', 'Management and prognosis are influenced by a number of factors' and 'Diagnostic test choices and prognosis influenced by factors beyond the patient injury' .

Conclusion Current methods of assessment are prone to bias and error and may lead to inconsistent or delayed provision of essential care. Further work is needed to develop methods of measurement and frameworks which can accurately identify relevant physiological mechanisms and personal factors associated with shoulder instability as a part of the assessment/diagnostic process. (C) 2022 Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 21, 2021
Online Publication Date Dec 24, 2021
Publication Date 2022-06
Publicly Available Date May 30, 2023
Journal Physiotherapy
Publisher De Gruyter
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 115
Pages 46-57
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2021.12.330
Keywords Paediatric rehabilitation; Upper extremity (arm); Instability; Physiotherapy; Clinical decision making
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2021.12.330

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