Enhanced expression of the human Survival motor neuron 1 gene from a sequence-optimised cDNA transgene in vitro and in vivo
Nafchi, NAM; Chilcott, EM; Owen, SJ; Fuller, HR; Bowerman, M; Yáñez-Muñoz, RJ
Sharon Owen firstname.lastname@example.org
Heidi Fuller email@example.com
Melissa Bowerman firstname.lastname@example.org
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disease particularly characterised by degeneration of ventral motor neurons. Survival motor neuron (SMN) 1 gene mutations cause SMA, and gene addition strategies to replace the faulty SMN1 copy are a therapeutic option. We have developed a novel, codon-optimised hSMN1 transgene and produced integration27 proficient and integration-deficient lentiviral vectors with cytomegalovirus (CMV), human synapsin (hSYN) or human phosphoglycerate kinase (hPGK) promoters to determine the optimal expression cassette configuration. Integrating, CMV-driven and codon-optimised hSMN1 lentiviral vectors resulted in the highest production of functional SMN protein in vitro. Integration-deficient lentiviral vectors also led to significant expression of the optimised transgene and are expected to be safer than integrating vectors. Lentiviral delivery in culture led to activation of the DNA damage response, in particular elevating levels of phosphorylated ataxia telangiectasia mutated (pATM) and ?H2AX, but the optimised hSMN1 transgene showed some protective effects. Neonatal delivery of adeno-associated viral vector (AAV9) vector encoding the optimised transgene to the Smn2B/- 36 mouse model of SMA resulted in a significant increase of SMN protein levels in liver and spinal cord. This work shows the potential of a novel codon-optimised hSMN1 transgene as a therapeutic strategy for SMA.
|Acceptance Date||May 4, 2023|
|Online Publication Date||Jun 15, 2023|
|Publicly Available Date||Dec 16, 2023|
|Journal||Gene Therapy (Basingstoke)|
|Publisher||Nature Publishing Group|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
This file is under embargo until Dec 16, 2023 due to copyright restrictions.
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