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Drug Resistance in Medulloblastoma Is Driven by YB-1, ABCB1 and a Seven-Gene Drug Signature.

Taylor, Louisa; Wade, Philippa K.; Johnson, James E.C.; Aldighieri, Macha; Morlando, Sonia; Di Leva, Gianpiero; Kerr, Ian D.; Coyle, Beth

Drug Resistance in Medulloblastoma Is Driven by YB-1, ABCB1 and a Seven-Gene Drug Signature. Thumbnail


Authors

Louisa Taylor

Philippa K. Wade

James E.C. Johnson

Macha Aldighieri

Sonia Morlando

Ian D. Kerr

Beth Coyle



Abstract

Therapy resistance represents an unmet challenge in the treatment of medulloblastoma. Accordingly, the identification of targets that mark drug-resistant cell populations, or drive the proliferation of resistant cells, may improve treatment strategies. To address this, we undertook a targeted approach focused on the multi-functional transcription factor YB-1. Genetic knockdown of YB-1 in Group 3 medulloblastoma cell lines diminished cell invasion in 3D in vitro assays and increased sensitivity to standard-of-care chemotherapeutic vincristine and anti-cancer agents panobinostat and JQ1. For vincristine, this occurred in part by YB-1-mediated transcriptional regulation of multi-drug resistance gene ABCB1, as determined by chromatin immunoprecipitation. Whole transcriptome sequencing of YB-1 knockdown cells identified a role for YB-1 in the regulation of tumourigenic processes, including lipid metabolism, cell death and survival and MYC and mTOR pathways. Stable cisplatin- and vincristine-tolerant Group 3 and SHH cell lines were generated to identify additional mechanisms driving resistance to standard-of-care medulloblastoma therapy. Next-generation sequencing revealed a vastly different transcriptomic landscape following chronic drug exposure, including a drug-tolerant seven-gene expression signature, common to all sequenced drug-tolerant cell lines, representing therapeutically targetable genes implicated in the acquisition of drug tolerance. Our findings provide significant insight into mechanisms and genes underlying therapy resistance in medulloblastoma.

Citation

Taylor, L., Wade, P. K., Johnson, J. E., Aldighieri, M., Morlando, S., Di Leva, G., …Coyle, B. (2023). Drug Resistance in Medulloblastoma Is Driven by YB-1, ABCB1 and a Seven-Gene Drug Signature. Cancers, 15(4), Article 1086. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers15041086

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 4, 2023
Publication Date Feb 8, 2023
Journal Cancers (Basel)
Print ISSN 2072-6694
Publisher MDPI
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 4
Article Number 1086
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers15041086
Publisher URL https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6694/15/4/1086

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