Cells respond to stress by synthesizing chaperone proteins that seek to correct protein misfolding and maintain function. However, abrogation of protein homeostasis is a hallmark of aging, leading to loss of function and the formation of proteotoxic... Read More about Loss of regulation of protein synthesis and turnover underpins an attenuated stress response in senescent human mesenchymal stem cells.
Pharmaceuticals are a ubiquitous group of emerging pollutants of considerable importance due to their biological potency and potential to elicit effects in wildlife and humans. Pharmaceuticals have been quantified in terrestrial, marine, fresh, and t... Read More about Emerging challenges of the impacts of pharmaceuticals on aquatic ecosystems: A diatom perspective..
Insect pests are a major challenge to smallholder crop production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where access to synthetic pesticides, which are linked to environmental and health risks, is often limited. Biological control interventions could offer a... Read More about Biological control interventions reduce pest abundance and crop damage while maintaining natural enemies in sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis.
Interspecies microbiome transplantation recapitulates microbial acquisition in mosquitoes (2022)
Background Mosquitoes harbor microbial communities that play important roles in their growth, survival, reproduction, and ability to transmit human pathogens. Microbiome transplantation approaches are often used to study host-microbe interactions and... Read More about Interspecies microbiome transplantation recapitulates microbial acquisition in mosquitoes.
Biological Flora of Britain and Ireland: Viscum album (2022)
This account presents information on all aspects of the biology of Viscum album L. (Mistletoe) that are relevant to understanding its ecological characteristics and behaviour. The main topics are presented within the standard framework of the Biologi... Read More about Biological Flora of Britain and Ireland: Viscum album.
The future of Viscum album L. in Europe will be shaped by temperature and host availability. (2022)
Viscum album L. is a plant of great importance due to its influence on the host trees and, by extension, entire ecosystems. The species is also significant to humans-on the one hand, because of its use in medicine, and on the other, because of the gr... Read More about The future of Viscum album L. in Europe will be shaped by temperature and host availability..
The ANOSPP amplicon panel is a genus-wide targeted sequencing panel to facilitate large-scale monitoring of Anopheles species diversity. Combining information from the 62 nuclear amplicons present in the ANOSPP panel allows for a more senstive and sp... Read More about High resolution species assignment of Anopheles mosquitoes using k-mer distances on targeted sequences..
Agricultural productivity can be increased sustainably in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) by reducing crop losses due to insect pest damage. As an alternative to environmentally-damaging chemical pesticides, biological control interventions and botanical pe... Read More about Biological control interventions and botanical pesticides for insect pests of crops in sub-Saharan Africa: A mapping review.
The relationships that control seed production in trees are fundamental to understanding the evolution of forest species and their capacity to recover from increasing losses to drought, fire, and harvest. A synthesis of fecundity data from 714 specie... Read More about Limits to reproduction and seed size-number trade-offs that shape forest dominance and future recovery..
Scots pine is one of the most widely occurring pines, but future projections suggest a large reduction in its range, mostly at the southern European limits. A significant part of its range is located in the Caucasus, a global hot-spot of diversity. P... Read More about The evolutionary heritage and ecological uniqueness of Scots pine in the Caucasus ecoregion is at risk of climate changes..
Ligula intestinalis. (2021)
Ligula intestinalis is a common pseudophyllidean cestode found in freshwater ecosystems worldwide. It has a complex life cycle involving a planktonic copepod as first intermediate host, a planktivorous fish as second intermediate host, and a fish-eat... Read More about Ligula intestinalis..
Defence Is a Priority in Female Juveniles and Adults of Taxus baccata L. (2021)
Female individuals of dioecious plants invest their resources more in storage and defence, and the males have higher nitrogen content invested in the production of pollen grains. An unresolved problem is whether this strategy occurs only in sexually... Read More about Defence Is a Priority in Female Juveniles and Adults of Taxus baccata L..
Genetic Technologies for Sustainable Management of Insect Pests and Disease Vectors (2021)
Recent advancements in genetic and genome editing research, augmented by the discovery of new molecular tools such as CRISPR, have revolutionised the field of genetic engineering by enabling precise site-specific genome modifications with unprecedent... Read More about Genetic Technologies for Sustainable Management of Insect Pests and Disease Vectors.
Causes of secondary sexual dimorphism (SSD) in dioecious plants are very poorly understood, especially in woody plants. SSD is shown mainly in mature plants, but little is known about whether secondary sexual dimorphism can occur in juveniles. It is... Read More about Rich but not poor conditions determine sex-specific differences in growth rate of juvenile dioecious plants..
Biological Flora of the British Isles: Crataegus laevigata (2021)
This account presents information on all aspects of the biology of Crataegus laevigata (Poir.) DC (Midland hawthorn) (C. oxyacanthoides Thuill.) that are relevant to understanding its ecological characteristics and behaviour. The main topics are pres... Read More about Biological Flora of the British Isles: Crataegus laevigata.
There are thousands of disused and abandoned mining sites around the world with substantial accumulations of exposed mine spoil materials that pose a direct threat to their surrounding environment. Management of such sites, and neutralisation of the... Read More about Mine spoil remediation via biochar addition to immobilise potentially toxic elements and promote plant growth for phytostabilisation..
Semiochemicals for thrips and their use in pest management (2021)
Thrips (Thysanoptera) are small insects that can cause huge problems in agriculture, horticulture and forestry through feeding and the transmission of plant viruses. They produce a rich chemical diversity of pheromones and allomones and also respond... Read More about Semiochemicals for thrips and their use in pest management.
How is silicic acid transported in plants? (2020)
Plants accumulate silicon in their tissues as amorphous silica. The form of silicon taken up by plants is silicic acid, a neutral molecule that passes through membrane channels with water. After seminal work on rice identified an aquaporin that appea... Read More about How is silicic acid transported in plants?.
In Brazil, malaria transmission is mostly confined to the Amazon, where substantial progress has been achieved towards disease control in the past decade. Vector control has been historically considered a fundamental part of the main malaria control... Read More about Vector-Focused Approaches to Curb Malaria Transmission in the Brazilian Amazon: An Overview of Current and Future Challenges and Strategies.
ABSTRACT The Riverfly Partnership, launched in 2004, is a UK network of organisations and individuals working to protect river habitats and macroinvertebrate communities. The Riverfly Partnership’s Anglers’ Riverfly Monitoring Initiative (ARMI), laun... Read More about Citizen science and aquatic macroinvertebrates: public engagement for catchment-scale pollution vigilance.
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