Pharmaceuticals are a ubiquitous group of emerging pollutants of considerable importance due to their biological potency and potential to elicit effects in wildlife and humans. Pharmaceuticals have been quantified in terrestrial, marine, fresh, and t... Read More about Emerging challenges of the impacts of pharmaceuticals on aquatic ecosystems: A diatom perspective..
Insect pests are a major challenge to smallholder crop production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where access to synthetic pesticides, which are linked to environmental and health risks, is often limited. Biological control interventions could offer a... Read More about Biological control interventions reduce pest abundance and crop damage while maintaining natural enemies in sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis.
Early predictions of cows' probability of survival to different lactations would help farmers in making successful management and breeding decisions. For this purpose, this research explored the adoption of joint models for longitudinal and survival... Read More about Joint Models to Predict Dairy Cow Survival from Sensor Data Recorded during the First Lactation..
The evolution of primate short-term memory (2022)
Short-term memory is implicated in a range of cognitive abilities and is critical for understanding primate cognitive evolution. To investigate the effects of phylogeny, ecology and sociality on short-term memory, we tested the largest and most diver... Read More about The evolution of primate short-term memory.
We explain research gaps on Monkeypox (MPX) virus epidemiology in endemic countries and present hypotheses for the recent increase of MPX cases in West Africa as a possible explanation for the current epidemic in Europe, America, and Australia. The d... Read More about Increased outbreaks of monkeypox highlight gaps in actual disease burden in Sub-Saharan Africa and in animal reservoirs.
We report results of surveillance between June and mid-September 2022 of pet animals living in households of confirmed human monkeypox (MPX) cases. Since surveillance commenced, 154 animals from 40 households with a confirmed human MPX case were repo... Read More about The risk of reverse zoonotic transmission to pet animals during the current global monkeypox outbreak, United Kingdom, June to mid-September 2022.
Experiences of dog theft and spatial practices of search/ing (2022)
AbstractPublic responses to an ‘upward trend’ in recorded dog theft offences in England and Wales led to the creation of the Pet Theft Taskforce in May 2021, followed by a policy paper recommending the development of a new ‘pet abduction’ offence. De... Read More about Experiences of dog theft and spatial practices of search/ing.
Agricultural productivity can be increased sustainably in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) by reducing crop losses due to insect pest damage. As an alternative to environmentally-damaging chemical pesticides, biological control interventions and botanical pe... Read More about Biological control interventions and botanical pesticides for insect pests of crops in sub-Saharan Africa: A mapping review.
Mayaro virus (MAYV) is an arboviral pathogen in the genus Alphavirus that is circulating in South America with potential to spread to naïve regions. MAYV is also one of the few viruses with the ability to be transmitted by mosquitoes in the genus Ano... Read More about Transcriptomic and small RNA response to Mayaro virus infection in Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes.
Sustaining ecosystems – English grouse moors (2022)
Our English uplands (including grouse moors) are subject to an increasing number of societal demands and needs. This audit assesses grouse moor management’s contribution to Defra’s 25 Year Environment Plan goals – an expression of social needs – and... Read More about Sustaining ecosystems – English grouse moors.
The mating behaviour of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae complex is an important aspect of its reproduction biology. The success of mosquito release programmes based on genetic control of malaria crucially depends on competitive mating between bo... Read More about Local adaptation and colonization are potential factors affecting sexual competitiveness and mating choice in Anopheles coluzzii populations..
Sex-ratio distorters based on X-chromosome shredding are more efficient than sterile male releases for population suppression. X-shredding is a form of sex distortion that skews spermatogenesis of XY males towards the preferential transmission of Y-b... Read More about The Potential for a Released Autosomal X-Shredder Becoming a Driving-Y Chromosome and Invasively Suppressing Wild Populations of Malaria Mosquitoes.
Dengue outbreaks in Bangladesh: Historic epidemic patterns suggest earlier mosquito control intervention in the transmission season could reduce the monthly growth factor and extent of epidemics (2021)
Dengue is endemic in Bangladesh and is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Suppressing the mosquito vector activity at the optimal time annually is a practical strategy to control dengue outbreaks. The objective of this study was to estima... Read More about Dengue outbreaks in Bangladesh: Historic epidemic patterns suggest earlier mosquito control intervention in the transmission season could reduce the monthly growth factor and extent of epidemics.
For studies on magnetic compass orientation and navigation performance in small bird species, controlled experiments with orientation cages inside an electromagnetic coil system are the most prominent methodological paradigm. These are, however, not... Read More about A magnet attached to the forehead disrupts magnetic compass orientation in a migratory songbird..
Wild populations of malaria vectors can mate both inside and outside human dwellings. (2021)
BACKGROUND: Wild populations of Anopheles mosquitoes are generally thought to mate outdoors in swarms, although once colonized, they also mate readily inside laboratory cages. This study investigated whether the malaria vectors Anopheles funestus and... Read More about Wild populations of malaria vectors can mate both inside and outside human dwellings..
Ligula intestinalis. (2021)
Ligula intestinalis is a common pseudophyllidean cestode found in freshwater ecosystems worldwide. It has a complex life cycle involving a planktonic copepod as first intermediate host, a planktivorous fish as second intermediate host, and a fish-eat... Read More about Ligula intestinalis..
BACKGROUND: Malaria is often persistent in communities surrounded by mosquito breeding habitats. Anopheles gambiae sensu lato exploit a variety of aquatic habitats, but the biotic determinants of its preferences are poorly understood. This study aime... Read More about Predatory and competitive interaction in Anopheles gambiae sensu lato larval breeding habitats in selected villages of central Uganda..
Recent research into the navigational strategies of homing pigeons (Columba livia) inthe familiar area has highlighted the phenomenon of route fidelity – birds formingidiosyncratic flight paths to which they are loyal over multiple releases from the... Read More about Repeated training of homing pigeons reveals age dependent idiosyncrasy and visual landmark use..
CRISPR-based gene drives offer promising means to reduce the burden of pests and vector-borne diseases. These techniques consist of releasing genetically modified organisms carrying CRISPR-Cas nucleases designed to bias their inheritance and rapidly... Read More about A genetically encoded anti-CRISPR protein constrains gene drive spread and prevents population suppression.
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